The word orthodox is a combination of the Greek words “orthos” (ορθός) true, proper and “doxa” (δόξα, δοξασία) faith. It is generally used in two ways and its full meaning is Right Faith.
THE RIGHT ROUTE
In the New Testament, when the apostles wanted to make some decisions and laws among themselves in the work of the Acts, this decision was made with the help of the Holy Spirit. That is why the decisions start with the following text. “It was decided by the Holy Spirit and by us ..” These meetings were on the throne of the Holy Spirit. 2000 years have passed, but this tradition in the church continues as it is and holy meetings are held. The structure of this church has remained unadulterated as it is today.
Every patriarchate makes this order by calling all its episcopes. In a universal decision, all patriarchats are gathered in the Istanbul ecumenical, the head patriarchate, and the decisions are made through the Holy Spirit. St. Paul appointed the most prominent and religious person of that region as an episcopal for believers in every region. For example, Timoteus appointed Efeste Titus to Crete. Thus, there was an episcopus in each region and this person was responsible for the believers of that region. This system is different in the catholic world, they are under the Pope rule, their catholics and churches all over the world. However, in Orthodoxy this is more democratic. Every church, every patriarchate has a holy council. The episcopes who formed this council come together to become councils.
The Patriarchats are divided into local and general administrations. Patriarchate takes over the general administration, and local administrations are assigned a mitropolit, an episkopos in each region. This mitropolit assigns a pastor to each congregation according to the population of the congregation in its region. Depending on the size of this congregation, it can be appointed in assistant priests. This form of government was initiated by Saint Pavlos, and we maintain it in the same system for two thousand years. “You will go to Giritt and put an old pastor in every region, this person must be right in God’s eyes.” (Titus 1: 5).
There is a congregation council or a board called the board in order for the church administration to join the congregation and report its wishes and suggestions. This board is established with believers selected from each church’s own community. Apart from that, the church runs to the aid of all the needy believers, pays attention to their needs and meets their spiritual service in all other believers. With the rituals and prayers, every congregation tries to get closer to God. This is the first and most important foundation of church activities. For this purpose, because of the purpose of salvation, for some sick or believing siblings, the church sends pastors to the houses and gives them communion and feeds them spiritually. In addition, at certain times each year, priests move around all the houses and perform their blessing duties. The church builds schools and dormitories to protect all poor and lonely believers, according to their own situation. These schools and dormitories are sometimes supported by wealthy businessmen, but often the church establishes them with its own means and with the help of all other foreign churches and trains and educates the children of its own community.
I only believe in Allah. I believe in all-powerful Father God, the creator of earth and heaven, all visible and invisible beings. I believe in Christ Jesus, the only Son of God, who was born from Father before all centuries. He is Allah from Allah, Nur from Nur, true from God. It is not created, it is in the same essence as Father, and everything is created through it. For us and our salvation, he came down from heaven, with the power of the Holy Spirit, he took the body from the virgin Mary and became human. During the time of Pontius Pilate, it was crucified for us, crucified, died, buried, and resurrected on the third day according to the Scriptures. He climbs into the sky and sits to the right of the Father. He will come back with glory to judge the living and the dead and his reign will not end. I believe in the Holy Spirit, who is the source of life and the Lord, who has spoken through the Prophets, exited Father, worshiped and glorified with Father and Son. I believe in the only Church, the messenger, universal and sacred. I accept a single baptism to forgive sins. I expect the resurrection and eternal life of the dead. Amine
I BELIEVE IN A SINGLE GOD. Our faith was prepared in the first and second sinods, in councils (Iznik 325 and Istanbul 381), by the saints and fathers of the church through the Holy Spirit, and our faith today is written. The first article, “I Believe in One God,” invites us to believe in God and to worship Him alone. However, the believer is invited not only to the existence of God, but to the belief that the creator of all visible and invisible beings is God. Everything and every being is created by God through Christ. ‘Nothing existed without Him’. However, as in every society and in every era, the devil has rolled up his arms and made some people think and slave them to him. These people are arrogant, only earthly, distant and unkind people who believe in material things. If we need to answer these people, it should be as follows.
There is a universe around us. There wasn’t any substance that had millions of planets in it, and, according to science, was once the creator and source of everything. So who created these celestial bodies and the whole world, working so perfectly. Who can do this if the substance can extend for a while, if it cannot be explained afterwards. Who had this power and technology so many million years ago? Of course, the Lord of Allah is all-powerful. According to the prophet David, ‘He spoke and everything was formed, ordered and beings were created.’
The names of science have an opinion based on real logic, even according to physicists, that a substance cannot act spontaneously, but if it is activated by another power, it does not stop spontaneously unless there is another obstacle in front of it. If this is really so, when we look at the infinite space system, we see that there are billions of stars, planets and celestial bodies and that they move in a certain harmony. How come all these objects do not collide among themselves and do not cause a disaster. Who set up this whole order and keeps it intact? From here, only God’s answer comes to our mind.
Let’s not go too far: The earth is full of living organisms. Some of these are visible and some are invisible small creatures. However, billions of people live. According to scientists’ knowledge, the earth was once burning like an oven. At that time, there was no living thing on earth. So how did life derive from this oven, where there was so much heat? For this, your scholar Fleming says: “Life has come from a creator, not spontaneously.”
Although ourselves and our body are a great secret, it is perfect. When we examine the human body, we see that it works within the perfect system of the heart, eyes, ears, hands, nervous systems, immune systems and so on. Who can create this perfectly working body so perfectly? The answer is only Allah Almighty in everything. One unconscious priestess said, “Where is God, I can’t see Him?” The priest replied to that man, “You cannot see atoms or cells, but you believe them.” Then the man asked him to look at the sun with the naked eye, “I can’t look because my eyes hurt,” he said. The priest then replied to him, “How can you see God if you cannot look at something created?” David, the great poet and prophet, and Aristotle, a great philosopher, described people who did not believe in God as insane. Only one of the above examples can one believe in God. Here we are talking about the God believed by the Christian orthodox. So I only believe in Allah.